Despite significant progress in improving girls’ access to education, challenges remain around the quality of the education girls receive and the issue remains a priority for governments and other actors.

By bringing together research findings from Ethiopia, Sudan, Nigeria, Tanzania and Kenya, this report highlights the barriers and constraints that remain to achieving gender transformative education in low-income contexts, drawing together similarities and opportunities for improving the ecosystems that surround girls’ education.

The report looks at the intrinsic, pedagogic, systemic and societal barriers that girls face in accessing equitable, inclusive, quality education and considers four key areas that influence children’s development and learning: the classroom; the school environment; households and communities; and the policy and legal environment.

We hope that our report will contribute to the discourse on this complex area of inclusion.

Citation: Oyinloye, B., Mkwananzi, F., & Mukwambo, P. (2023). Schools Connect: Barriers to girls' education. A synthesis of British Council research in Africa. British Council.