Judith Fairbairn’s Seminar at the CAERe ©

University of Bristol, Graduate School of Education.

Judith leads on speaking and writing testing projects, including developing and revising British Council tests and marking scales. Judith also works on equality, diversity and inclusion in British Council testing.

In addition, Judith contributes to British Council projects such as English Impact and language assessment literacy training. In the past she has been involved with test data statistical analysis and developing rater training and monitoring systems for Aptis and IELTS.


Areas of Expertise

  • Rating Scales
  • Online rater training
  • Rater reliability
  • Test data statistical analysis


  • Knock, U., Fairbairn, J., & Huisman, A. (2016) An evaluation of an online rater training program for the speaking and writing sub-tests of the Aptis test. ALTAANZ PLTA Special Issue, Volume 5, Issue 1. 
  • Knock, U., Fairbairn, J., & Huisman, A. (2015) An evaluation of the effectiveness of training Aptis raters online. British Council Assessment Research Group publications, VS/2015/01


  • MA in Language Testing, Lancaster University
  • MSc in Development Finance, SOAS, University of London
  • BA International Relations