Tuesday 02 June 2015


• Modern foreign languages are becoming increasingly marginalised within the Welsh curriculum

• Many pupils are receiving only a minimal or fragmented experience of language learning

• The potential benefits of bilingualism in Wales are not being realised when it comes to learning a modern foreign language

• In the ten year period from 2005-2014 A-level entries for French, German and Spanish halved

• Only 22% of Welsh pupils take a GCSE in a language other than Welsh or English

The first national survey of modern foreign language (MFL) teaching in Welsh secondary schools has found that foreign language learning is becoming increasingly marginalised within the Welsh curriculum, with the number of pupils choosing to study foreign languages in decline.

The Language Trends Wales report, commissioned by CfBT Education Trust and the British Council, highlights the decline of modern foreign language learning in Welsh schools. This is despite the advantage bilingual Wales should have in learning other languages, with experts agreeing that already having two languages makes learning a third easier.

Language Trends Wales states that in today’s globalised world only 22% of Welsh pupils take a GCSE in a language other than English or Welsh. Teachers say there is less time for languages in the Key Stage 3 curriculum, despite Estyn guidelines for the amount of time that should be devoted to MFL.  They also say pupils do not choose to study MFL as they regard language exams as ‘difficult’ and there is competition from other subjects they can choose to study at GCSE level.

The overall picture of foreign languages in Welsh secondary schools is one of mainly French provision. German is taught in around a quarter of schools and Spanish in fewer than half.

No Welsh schools offer Arabic, Russian or Urdu and only a very small number offer lesser taught languages such as Chinese or Italian.

In the ten year period from 2005-2014, A-level entries for French, German and Spanish in Welsh schools have halved. The low numbers of students opting for languages at A-level mean that in many cases courses are becoming financially unviable. Teachers responding to the survey were particularly concerned about the situation at A-level, more so than with the falling numbers at GCSE level.

The biggest declines are in French and German, traditionally the two most widely taught languages in Wales, with entries dropping by 41 per cent and 54 per cent respectively in the ten year period 2005-14. 

Spanish saw a slight upward trend from 2001 and overtook German as the second most widely studied language at A-level in 2009. However, in recent years Spanish has seen a decline in numbers with a heavy fall of 22 per cent between 2013 and 2014. 

The majority of MFL teachers (89%) were positive about the teaching of Welsh in primary schools, but many believe the benefits of bilingualism can only be maximised if pupils have a high standard of Welsh teaching at primary level.

Director of British Council Wales, Jenny Scott, said: “The low number of Welsh school pupils studying foreign languages is very worrying. We live in an increasingly globalised world and every country needs its young people to have language and intercultural skills, which are essential for international business success. We know that a lack of foreign language skills is also one of the factors that prevent young people from taking up international opportunities, such as those offered by Erasmus+, which can increase academic and professional achievement.”

Tony McAleavy, Director of Research and Development at CfBT, added: “For the first time this survey gives us the opportunity to paint a picture of language learning in Wales highlighting both the successes and challenges that this entails. The future for languages is precarious and pupils are increasingly not being given the opportunities and encouragement needed to stick with language learning.”

Notes to Editor

In September 2014 an invitation to complete an online questionnaire was sent to all 213 secondary schools in Wales. A total of 136 secondary schools responded to the survey, yielding a response rate of 64 per cent.

All pupils in Wales are required to study a Modern Foreign Language throughout Key Stage 3 (age 11-14) and all pupils continue to study Welsh throughout Key Stage 4 (age 14 – 16).

For more information on the British Council, or to arrange interviews, contact Alison Cummins at British Council Wales on 029 2092 4334 or Alison.Cummins@britishcouncil.org

For more information on the CfBT Education Trust, contact Susan Nisbet on 07967 733 927 or SNisbet@cfbt.com

The Language Trends Wales report 2014/15 will be available to download from Tuesday 2 June at: http://wales.britishcouncil.org/en

About CfBT Education Trust

CfBT Education Trust is a leading global education consultancy and services provider. We provide outstanding, sustainable education solutions and, in partnership with schools and governments as well as public and private organisations, we transform the lives of learners for millions of children and young people worldwide.

CfBT is a registered charity and any surpluses generated from our work are invested into our publicly available programme of educational research.

About the British Council

The British Council is the UK’s international organisation for educational opportunities and cultural relations. We create international opportunities for the people of the UK and other countries and build trust between them worldwide.

We work in more than 100 countries and our 8,000 staff – including 2000 teachers – work with thousands of professionals and policy makers and millions of young people every year by teaching English, sharing the Arts and delivering education and society programmes.

We are a UK charity governed by Royal Charter. A core publically-funded grant-in-aid provides less than 20 per cent of our turnover which last year was £864m. The rest of our revenues are earned from services which customers around the world pay for, through education and development contracts and from partnerships with public and private organisations. All our work is in pursuit of our charitable purpose and supports prosperity and security for the UK and globally.

For more information, please visit: wales.britishcouncil.org/en

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