Iran’s higher education sector has grown over the last 30 years, both in terms of size and quality. Whilst this has played a positive role for economic development, the rapid growth has created new challenges for higher education institutes in Iran.

Scholarship of teaching and learning

Higher education faculty in Iran are not required to demonstrate pedagogical competencies before enrolling in the teaching system. At the same time, they are subject to rigorous scrutiny to ensure their competence in disciplinary scholarship. This has brought about a widespread understanding that teaching at the higher education level is more intuitive without a need to increase the efficiency and productivity of the practice. In this context, scholarship of teaching and learning (SOTL) be a strategy to gradually create a balance between the two critical functions of higher education in Iran.

The future links between academic institutions and industry

As we are entering a new age of digital, the future role of academic institutions and industry is changing. There is vast literature about the openness of firms or universities to trigger innovation. Among others, the Triple- Helix approach conceptualizes the role of the state to fulfil the demand of social welfare. The state, universities and private companies together fulfil different values and functions according to different rules of the game. In past and current traditional industry, academic partnerships which have been relatively successful, including corporate internships, work-study programmes, curriculum advisory boards, guest lectureships and capstone courses can identify gaps and opportunities for growth.

Internationalization of higher education in Iran

Internationalization of higher education in Iran faces challenges in areas of language policy, curriculum, credit regulation, educational technology, research facilities and external challenges for competing with other institutes regionally and internationally. The capacity for internationalisation of Iran’s higher education will be discussed, with a focus on a project co-funded by the EU Erasmus+ programme for internationalization of higher education in Iran. 


Prof. Mahmoud Mehrmohammadi, Professor, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran

Dr Yadollah Mehralizadeh, Academic member, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran

Prof. Khalil Gholami, Associate professor, University of Kurdistan, Iran