Education planning is hugely challenging – and particularly so in relation to the labour market where accelerating industrial, demographic and technological change is making it ever more difficult for education institutions to meet the current and future needs of employers. For policy makers these challenges are equally acute.


This session will explore whether systemic or marketized systems are best placed to meet these needs and how governance and the architecture of funding and legislation can best deliver good outcomes. Three examples are presented to open the discussion:

  • A systemic approach in Saudi Arabia;
  • The marketized approach of the UK regarding further education;
  • Implementing new models of education to address unemployment in Kenya.


Presenters and delegates are invited to explore:

  • Does a competitive market stifle or enable collaboration?
  • Is the effectiveness of governance more important than the type?
  • How important is governance to improving learner outcomes?
  • To what extent do industrial and societal needs complement each other?