a. The past
'They were playing tennis when we arrived'
Past simple or present perfect simple or continuous?
'I ran, I've run, I've been running'
'He still hadn't started work when they arrived'
b. The future
Present tenses in future time clauses
'I'll phone you when I've finished all the work'
a. Modal verbs
Obligation and permission
'I must phone my mother before it's too late'
Possibility or certainty
'You must be very clever'
b. Gerunds and infinitives
'I'll think about joining the club next year'
He joined the fitness club to get some more exercise'
Gerunds and infinitives
'I won't forget to meet you'
The thieves were arrested two days ago'
a. Expressing preference
'John would rather watch a film on TV than go to the cinema'
b. Expressing ability
'They scored two goals in the last minute and were able to win the cup'
c. Wishes and regrets
'If only we lived nearer the sports centre.'
First or second conditional?
'If he worked harder, he'd get the job.'
'If he hadn't overslept he wouldn't have missed the train.'
'He 'd have got the job if he weren't so lazy.'
b. Reported speech
'Sarah said that she had just moved to Brighton.'
'She asked where I'd been.'
' She asked me to call her this weekend.'
5 Other items
'John doesn't drive as fast as he used to'